The arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body. The veins return the blood (poorer in oxygen) back to the heart.

There are three groups of veins in the lower limbs:

  • superficial veins (ie, the surface) that are closest to the skin,
  • the deep veins (that is, the deep veins) located within the muscle groups and
  • the perforated (or perforated) veins that connect the superficial veins to the deep veins.

Varicose veins are easily diagnosed by a specialist based on the clinical picture and examination with a portable Doppler. He is responsible for deciding whether a more detailed examination with a Triplex or venipuncture of the member's veins needs to be supplemented and what questions need to be answered with it. The most accurate studies are done by doctors specially trained in such examination.